Coriander enjoys a sunny position but appreciates a little shade during the hottest part of the day. Coriander has a tendency to run to seed if stressed; this is where it flowers prematurely and develops seeds instead of growing lush foliage. This is fine if you are growing the plant for its seeds, but not if you are growing it for its leaves.
Coriander is best grown from seed directly into the soil. This is because it is quite a sensitive plant; transplanting young plants can shock them and cause them to bolt (run to seed). Prepare the soil thoroughly by digging it over, removing any weeds and incorporating organic matter such as well-rotted manure or compost. Rake the soil so it’s level and sow seeds 4cm apart in drills 1cm deep.
If you are growing coriander for its seeds, grow the plants in full sun. This will cause them to develop seeds quicker as the hot stressful conditions will trigger flower production.
Regular use of coriander helps to improve the overall health and prevents many of the vitamin deficiency diseases. Coriander is also used as a carminative.
It is used in many of the folk medicines. Coriander helps to prevent digestive disorders such as indigestion, flatulence and gas. Coriander leaves helps to increase appetite and helps to stimulate hunger in anorexic patients. Coriander leaves along with hing, rock salt and cumin seed are mixed with buttermilk and taken after meals, helps to improve digestion and prevents abdominal distention.
Uses of coriander seeds
Coriander tea is recommended for patients suffering from kidney problems. For preparing coriander tea, coriander seeds are allowed to boil in water for a few minutes and the decoction is taken as a medicine. Coriander tea also helps to cure mouth ulcers and swellings. Regular intake of coriander tea also helps to lower the blood cholesterol levels. In case of Diarrhea, coriander seeds is soaked in water overnight and then taken along with buttermilk early in the morning.
The juice of coriander is also used as an ayurvedic medicine for treating nausea, and morning sickness. It is also used in the treatment of colitis and some of the liver disorders. Coriander seeds also help to reduce acid peptic disease and it is also used as ayurvedic medicine in the treatment of Dysentery. Coriander seeds also help to reduce body fever by inducing urination. Coriander is used along with other herbs such as dry ginger, helps to relieve respiratory tract infections and cough.
Some of the ayurvedic medicines also use coriander in the treatment of Typhoid fevers and in the treatment of menorrhagia, which is profuse bleeding during menses. The decoction of coriander seeds is used for this treatment. A mild decoction of coriander seed is also used as eyewash to reduce irritation and burning sensation.